The differential comprises a series of gears that enable the drive wheels to rotate at varying speeds. The differential gear in your automobile has to be lubricated to reduce friction, just like any other set of gears. Nevertheless, a frequent query that arises in people’s minds is, “Does changing differential fluid make a difference?”
YES! Of course. You will get a lot of advantages by changing the differential fluid in accordance with the instructions of the vehicle’s manufacturer. The replacement of the differential fluid will reduce friction, overheating, and vibration, as well as differential failure in differential components. Ultimately, changing differential fluid will enhance the overall performance.
The differential fluid lubricates all the metallic components to decrease friction and component heating. So, how often should you change the differential fluid? How to change this fluid, and which differential fluid is the best option? Continue reading this article to know everything about these queries.
What Is Differential Fluid?
Although trucks and big SUVs continue to utilize rear as well as four-wheel drive, most new vehicles do not. In these cars, the driveshaft connects a vehicle’s transmission to the drive axles, and the differential—a collection of gears—distributes the engine’s torque among the axles. A high-viscosity oil is poured into the axle differential to guarantee that the gears are adequately lubricated.
Friction is present throughout due to the presence of gears. Consider differential oil as a means of reducing friction. The more they operate at high speed, the hotter the gears become. Similar to the engine oil in your car, differential fluid lubricates the differential parts to lessen the friction as well as the heat they produce.
Differential fluid is more viscous as well as thicker than engine oil. It enters the inner gear workings and clings to the gears to coat them. This fluid degrades and loses viscosity with time, which might harm the internal gears of the axle. For optimum maintenance, the differential fluid has to be replaced often and at predetermined mileage intervals.
Does changing differential fluid make a difference
Now the question is, does changing differential fluid make a difference? Yes! Changing the differential fluid may have a big impact on how well and how long your car’s differential system works. The differential is in charge of distributing engine power to the wheels and enabling them to revolve at various speeds, such as during cornering.
As dirt, metal shavings, as well as other debris accumulate in the differential fluid over time, the friction, heat, as well as wear on the differential parts may rise. This may lead to decreased effectiveness, more noise, and even differential system damage. Changing the differential fluid can help you eliminate these issues.
Maintaining the differential fluid’s lubricating qualities regularly ensures smooth operation and lowers friction and wear. Fresh fluid offers greater lubrication as well as heat dissipation, which can increase the differential’s performance, effectiveness, and longevity.
It is advised to adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions on the suggested interval for changing the differential fluid. Depending on the vehicle model and driving circumstances of the car, this interval may change. You should replace the fluid more regularly if you routinely haul large weights, drive in bad weather, or go off-road.
Cost Of Changing the Differential Fluid
The cost of replacing the differential fluid is reasonable in comparison. The task might be completed within your means. Depending on the kind of your car, where you take it, and how much fluid it needs, the cost of replacing the fluid will change. In contrast, some automobiles only have front differentials, whereas the majority only have rear differentials. Moreover, the oil capacity of various vehicles varies.
The price of the fluid varies from $30 to $80, while labor costs $40 to $70. Depending on your car, where you take it, as well as how many quarts of differential fluid it requires, the total cost to change the differential fluid might be anywhere from $70 to $150. Depending on the vehicle type, 1 to 4 quarts of oil are often required to fill each differential.
Please take note that the estimated altering cost listed above only refers to the single differential housing. Depending on the oil maintenance period, you could have to pay twice as much if you won an all-wheel drive.
How often should you change the differential fluid?
If you observe any indications of low differential fluid or notice a few symptoms associated with it, it is essential to address the situation promptly by replacing the differential fluid. The process of changing the differential fluid can be approached in a similar manner as changing the manual transmission fluid. However, it is important to note that the specific steps involved may vary depending on the vehicle’s configuration.
Tools you will need to change Differential Fluid
· Socket Set or Wrenches
· Flat screwdriver
· Drain Pan
· Gasket or RTV Sealant
· Jack and Jack Stands
· Safety Gear
After gathering all these tools, now it is time to change the differential fluid on your vehicle. So, let’s take a look at a step-by-step guide for changing differential fluid:
Step-01: Jack Your Car Up
Make sure the car is positioned on a solid, level surface that can hold the weight of the car centered beneath the jack. The best surfaces are either concrete or blacktop. Utilizing one of the jack’s preset jack locations, slide the jack underneath the car and raise it off the ground using the handle.
Step-02: Find the Differential Fluid Fill and Drain Plug
Locate the fill and drain plugs for different fluids that are square or hexagonal in form. To access them if they are hidden by a housing, you must pry them open with a flat screwdriver.
Step-03: Drain the old Differential Fluid
As you remove the old differential fluid from the car, be careful to pour it into a container that can be sealed. To release the drain bolt, spin it counterclockwise with a socket wrench. Once the plug is free, you may unscrew it with your hand. Unthread it entirely, then take the plug out to allow the fluid to drain.
Step-04: Secure the drain Bolt
Using your hand, thread the drain screw back into position once the differential has been emptied. Then, using the wrench, tighten the plug until the differential is completely sealed. Don’t tighten the drain bolt too much. Just enough pressure is required to create a seal.
Step-05: Refill the differential fluid
Release the fill plug and then add fresh fluid to the differential reservoir. To add fluid to the differential, utilize a hand pump. Because of the angle of the filling pump, you won’t be able to put the liquid inside directly.
Step-06: Secure the filling plug
After adding fresh fluid to the differential, reinstall the filler screw with your hand as well as tighten it using a wrench. To be able to see any future leaks, make sure the filler, as well as drain bolts, are both tight and clean them with a rag.
What Type of Differential Fluid to use?
Timely car maintenance is crucial for optimal performance and longevity, and using the appropriate type of differential fluid holds equal significance. Automotive manufacturers meticulously design each differential system to work harmoniously with specific fluids. Consequently, using an incorrect or incompatible oil or fluid can have consequences comparable to neglecting the fluid change altogether.
Determining the most suitable differential fluid for your specific vehicle requires referring to the relevant information provided in the “Fluids” or “Maintenance” section of your car owner’s manual. The owner’s manual serves as a reliable resource to understand the manufacturer’s specific requirements and maintenance guidelines, helping you make informed decisions regarding the choice of differential fluid.
Can I change my own differential fluid?
YES! It is possible to change the differential fluid yourself. Changing the differential fluid of your vehicle is not really a complicated task, and you can do it easily by following the proper method. Moreover, you may cut the expense of changing the differential fluid by performing this task yourself.
Is it worth changing differential fluid?
Yes, replacing the differential fluid is worthwhile since it promotes correct lubrication, gets rid of impurities, and makes the differential last longer. In the long term, skipping out on this maintenance chore might result in decreased performance, greater wear, and perhaps expensive repairs.
How many years does differential fluid last?
The lifespan of differential fluid can vary depending on several factors, such as the vehicle’s model, driving conditions, and differential fluid type. In general, it is recommended to change the differential fluid every 30,000 to 50,000 miles, or approximately every 3 to 5 years. However, it is crucial to consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual for the manufacturer’s specific recommendations, as they may vary.
What happens if differential oil is low?
If the differential oil is low, it can lead to insufficient lubrication, increased heat, noise, vibration, limited slip differential malfunction, and potential damage to differential components. All these things can result in reduced performance, increased wear, and the possibility of costly repairs.